What are the types of drones?
The accurate classification of drones seems to be overnight, the drone has changed from an unpredictable military equipment to an advanced toy with one hand. This change has benefited from the popularization of drone technology in recent years. Among the multitude of drone products, there are portable aerial drones that can fly at your fingertips, and professional drones with hundreds of thousands of them at every turn.
First of all, the equipment is different
It is easy to distinguish the two from the equipment on board. Generally speaking, the camera, camera and other shooting equipment are the most common on consumer drones. PTZ and image transmission radio will be equipped as needed.
Industrial drones are generally equipped with various professional detection equipment, such as thermal infrared cameras, hyperspectral cameras, lidars, atmospheric detectors, etc., according to the needs of the industry. However, there are also many industrial-grade drones equipped with optical cameras. Therefore, it is not possible to completely distinguish the two from the equipment on board.
Secondly, the target users are different
Consumer-grade drones are mostly aimed at ordinary consumers or aerial photography enthusiasts, emphasizing the portability and easy operation of the aircraft, and users are usually sensitive to the price. Industrial-grade UAVs mainly optimize customized production for industry users, emphasizing the integrity of the solution. Since most of them are customized production, the output is generally small and the price is generally high.
This is the biggest difference between the two, but it is often overlooked by us. Similar to other consumer electronics products, the main role of consumer drones is to meet the entertainment needs of consumers. Therefore, consumer drones are mostly used as flying cameras. When using, the difficulty of getting started is as low as possible, and the frequency and occasions of use are similar to those of traditional aircraft models.
Industrial drones are mainly used in the daily work of all walks of life, as an efficient and convenient auxiliary means to replace the original tools. Therefore, the use environment is not only complicated and changeable, but also requires the drone itself to have certain protective measures to reduce its own damage and collateral damage caused by accidents.
Take the power line patrol UAV as an example. It is required that the UAV should have the longest flight time and the longest communication distance. It also requires sufficient reliability to meet the repeated use for many years. It is also required to deal with the problems encountered during line patrol. Various hazards are optimized for drones.
These are the characteristics that have been gradually formed in the process of continuous evolution and improvement since drones entered the professional field. It is also the biggest difference from consumer drones.
At this stage, UAV technology is still in a state of continuous development. Various types of UAVs are blooming, but the good and the bad are mixed. We can see "aerial drones" holding open source self-driving toy shells, as well as "industrial drones" made up of commodity racks equipped with professional equipment.